All academic staff positions are classified according to the position classification standards in Calendars 5 and 6. A D-level academic should make an essential contribution to all activities of the organizational unit or interdisciplinary field and play an important role in his or her profession or discipline. Academics at this level may be nominated in recognition of awards in their disciplinary field. Casual staff who mark in a course, tutorium or other teaching unit that are not at the same time are paid an hourly rate for this marking work. The University of New England in Armidale, Australia, has an excellent national and international reputation as a leading company in academic research and innovation, which has an impact on the industry.