In the treaty, Turkey abandoned all claims to the rest of the Ottoman Empire and, in exchange, the Allies recognized Turkish sovereignty within their new borders. It provided for the exchange of Greek-Turkish population and allowed unrestricted civilian passage through the Turkish Strait (but not militarily; this would happen with the Montreux Convention). Ismet Inonu: (1884-1973), is the second President of the Republic of Turkey, where he took the presidency from 11 November 1938 to 22 March 1950 and was several times Prime Minister of Turkey during the following periods from 1923 to 1924 and from 1925 to 1937 and formed ten governments from 1961, He was also Turkish Foreign Minister from 1922 to 1924 and Chief of Staff from 1920 to 1921 and Chairman of the Republican People`s Party from 1938 to 1972. Among many agreements, there was a separate agreement with the United States, the Chester Concession. In the United States, the treaty was rejected by several groups, including the Committee Against the Treaty of Lausanne (COLT), and on January 18, 1927, the United States Senate refused to ratify the treaty by 50 votes to 34, six votes less than the two-thirds required by the Constitution.  Therefore, Turkey cancelled the concession.  After the end of World War I in 1918, the victorious Allied powers concluded the “Treaty of Sevres” on August 10 and 1920 and split, under which the territory of the Ottoman Empire lay, giving independence to most of the non-Turkish nationalities of the Ottoman Empire, but the Turks refused this treaty and waged a violent war against allies, Until they won a great victory over them. especially on Greece during the war of 1922-1923. . . . .