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Simla Agreement July 2 1972

The agreement did not prevent relations between the two countries from deteriorating into armed conflict, most recently during the 1999 Kargil war. In Operation Meghdoot in 1984, India seized the entire inhospitable Siachen Glacier region, where the border was not clearly defined in the agreement (perhaps because the area was deemed too arid to be controversial); This was considered by Pakistan as a violation of the Simla agreement. Most of the deaths that followed in the Siachen conflict were caused by natural disasters, for example. B avalanches in 2010, 2012 and 2016. (iii) Resignations shall commence from the entry into force of this Agreement and shall be concluded within thirty days. [4] The agreement was the result of the two countries` determination to “end the conflict and confrontation that have so far affected their relations.” It designed the measures to be taken to further normalize mutual relations and also defined the principles that should govern their future relations. [4] [5] [3] The Simla Agreement, signed on July 2, 1972 by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and Pakistani President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, was much more than a peace treaty intended to cancel the consequences of the 1971 war (troop withdrawals and prisoner-of-war exchanges). This was a great blue pressure for good-neighbourly relations between India and Pakistan. Under the Simla Agreement, the two countries pledged to engage in conflicts and confrontations that have affected past relations and to work towards lasting peace, friendship and cooperation.

The Simla Agreement contains a number of guiding principles on which India and Pakistan have agreed and which both sides would respect in managing relations between them. These emphasize respect for the territorial integrity and sovereignty of the other; non-interference in the internal affairs of the other; respect for unity, political independence; sovereign equality; and swear hostile propaganda. However, the principles of the agreement should be highlighted in particular: the agreement was concluded and signed by mutual agreement after the 1971 Indo-pak war, after which East Pakistan was liberated and led to the formation of Bangladesh. Simla Agreement on bilateral relations between India and Pakistan, signed by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and the President of Pakistan, for example, Mr Bhutto, in Simla on 2 July 1972. The immediate result of the 1971 war between India and Pakistan was the change of government in Pakistan and Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, leader of the majority party in West Pakistan, took power on December 20, 1971. The 1971 war led to the dismemberment of East Pakistan. Pakistan had lost nearly 54 percent of its population and 93,000 of its soldiers and civilians were held by India. Therefore, the first challenges of the new government were to resolve the state of emergency and resolve the prisoners of war problem as quickly as possible.

After the war, India and Pakistan were in direct contact through diplomatic channels and both recognized the need to start negotiations. From 12 January 1972 to 30 April 1972, the two countries showed their propensity for dialogue through press releases and open discussions at the first level. Finally, it was agreed that talks between the President of Pakistan, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, and Indra Gandhi, Prime Minister of India, would begin on 28 June 1972. . .